首页 >>2020年02期
洪涝灾害公众健康防护建议
作者:杨文静 张宇晶 闫旭 叶丹 王姣 廖岩 杨玉燕 张伟 王哲 王志强 徐顺清 王先良

摘要:

洪涝灾害是世界范围内最严重的自然灾害之一,对受灾群众造成不可估量的影响。本研究参照我国相关法规、应急手册,结合广泛的文献、资料调研进行综合分析与提炼,并根据流行病学与相关防护证据和专家咨询,分类解析洪涝灾害的环境健康危害因素,从事前预防、事中干预、事后救助的策略角度提出针对公众的多环节、多人群、分阶段的综合防护措施,为推进受洪涝灾害影响的公众健康防护水平、改善公众健康结局提供科学依据。

关键词:环境卫生;健康促进;洪涝灾害

Abstract:

Flood disaster is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, and it could pose an inestimable impact on the affected people. Based on existing laws, regulations, and emergency manuals in China, extensive literature review, epidemiological and related protection evidence, and expert consultation, this study analyzed different health risk factors of flood disaster and proposed a multi-stage, multi-population, and multi-phase comprehensive protection measures for the public in the perspective of pre-event prevention, in-event intervention and post-event rescue strategy, which could provide a scientific basis for improving the level of public health protection against the flood disaster and corresponding health outcomes.

Key words: Environmental health;Health Promotion;Flood disaster

发表日期:2020/2

引用本文:

图/表:

  • 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2020.02.002.T001:表1 洪水来临前家庭应急储备物资;

    10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2020.02.002.T001:表1 洪水来临前家庭应急储备物资;

参考文献:

[1]郭辰,王先良,吕占禄,等.环境健康传导链—认识区域环境健康问题的关键[J].中国环境科学, 2015, 35(4):1261-1265.
[2]中华人民共和国托应急管理部.洪水来了该准备什么. [EB/OL]. [2019-11-19]. http://www.mem.gov.cn/kp/zrzh/hlzh/201904/t20190401_243305.shtml.
[3]World Health Organization. Floods in the WHO European Region-health effects and their prevention [EB/OL]. [2019-11-19].http://www.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/108625/1/e96853.pdf.
[4]PatersonDL, WrightH, HarrisPNA. Health Risks of Flood Disasters[J]. Clin Infect Dis, 2018, 67(9):1450-1454. DOI: 10.1093/cid/ciy227.
[5]World Meteorological Organization. Health and sanitationaspects of floodmanagement [EB/OL]. [2019-12-11]. https://www.floodmanagement.info/publications/tools/Tools_23_Health_and_Sanitation_Aspects_of_Flood_Management.pdf.
[6]CukorJ, RestucciaM. Carbon monoxide poisoning during natural disasters: the hurricane rita experience[J].J Emerg Med,2007,33(3):261-264. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2007.02.043.
[7]Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Update: NIOSH warns of hazards of flood cleanup work [EB/OL].[2019-11-19]. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/94-123.
[8]The National Response Team. Guidance for managing worker fatigue during disaster operations [EB/OL]. [2019-11-19]. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/oilspillresponse/pdfs/NRT-Fatigue-for-Emergency-Workers.pdf.
[9]中国疾病预防控制中心.自然灾害卫生应急工作指南(2010版). [EB/OL]. [2019-11-19]. http://www.chinacdc.cn/jkzt/jkcj/gjjzr/jzrjszl/201510/t20151012_120994.html.
[10]WHO Regional Office for Europe. Flood and health-Fact sheets for health professionals [EB/OL].[2019-11-19]. http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0016/252601/Floods-and-health-Fact-sheets-for-health-professionals.pdf?ua=1.
[11]ColindresRE, JainS, BowenA, et al. After the flood: an evaluation of in-home drinking water treatment with combined flocculent-disinfectant following Tropical Storm Jeanne — Gonaives, Haiti, 2004[J].J Water Health, 2007, 5(3):367. DOI: 10.2166/wh.2007.032.
[12]GarrettMH, RaymentPR, HooperMA, et al. Indoor airborne fungal spores, house dampness and associations with environmental factors and respiratory health in children[J]. Clin Exp Allergy, 1998, 28(4):459-467. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2222.1998.00255.x.
[13]Public Health England. Floods -how to clean up your home safely [EB/OL].[2019-11-19]. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/floods-how-to-clean-up-your-home-safely.
[14]Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Mold After a Disaster [EB/OL].[2019-08-14]. https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/mold/index.html.
[15]RokusekC, BraggS. Flooding in cedar rapids, Iowa[J]. J Emerg Nurs, 2009, 35(2):151. DOI: 10.1016/j.jen.2008.12.014.
[16]中国疾病预防控制中心.洪涝灾害预防性消毒技术指南(2017年版)[EB/OL]. [2019-11-19]. http://www.chinacdc.cn/jkzt/tfggwssj/gl/201807/t20180718_188916.html.
[17]马龙腾,曹广文.水系灾难所致传染病的流行特点和防控措施[J].中华预防医学杂志,2018(3):332-336.DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0253-9624.2018.03.024.
[18]Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Keep food and water safe after a natural disaster or power outage [EB/OL].[2019-11-19]. https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/foodwater/facts.html.
[19]高璐,丁国永,姜宝法.洪水事件对人群健康影响的研究进展[J].环境与健康杂志, 2013, 30(6):546-549.
[20]UK Government. Flooding health advice: mental health following floods [EB/OL].[2019-08-14]. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/flooding-health-advice-mental-health-following-floods.
[21]AldermanK, TurnerLR, TongS. Floods and human health: a systematic review [J]. Environ Int, 2012,47:37-47. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2012.06.003.
[22]The Workshop Bears Lane Swaffham Norfolk. Flood Protection Handbook [EB/OL].[2019-11-19].https://campodesktop.com/miniProxy.php?https://www.scambs.gov.uk/media/8627/floodsense-flood_protection_guide.pdf.

用户评论 0条

用户名: 密码: 登陆 注册
 
  • 9
  • 3
  •  4 : 页次:0/0页 共0条记录 5条/每页
    关于我们 | 专家风采 | 会员注册 | 继续教育
    地 址:北京市西城区东河沿街69号正弘大厦511室 邮 编:100052
    电话:010-51322302
    版权所有 中华医学会及中华预防医学杂志编辑部
    京ICP备 07035254 号